a. What cookies are and how are they used.
Cookies are small text strings that the sites which a user has browsed sends to their terminal (computer, tablet, smartphone, notebook), where they are stored, before being re-transmitted to the same sites at the next visit.
The purpose of the cookie is to remember user actions and preferences, such as the browsing language, so that it doesn't need to be indicated again when the user moves from one page to another on the same site, or returns at a later time.
Cookies are therefore used to authenticate users, monitor browsing sessions and store information about the user’s activities for statistical or advertising purposes.
While browsing within a site, user’s computer or mobile device can also receive cookies from web servers other than the one he is visiting.These cookies are called "third-party cookies".
Cookies may not collect any information stored on the user’s computers or files.
Cookies can be:
- "Session": these are stored on the computer for purely technical and functional requirements, for the transmission of session identifiers which are required in order to ensure a safe and efficient browsing experience. They are deleted at the end of the "session" (hence the name) when the browser is closed. This type of cookie avoids the need to use other IT techniques that could potentially jeopardize the privacy of users' navigation;
- "Persistent": these remain stored on the computer hard drive until expiry or cancellation by users/visitors. Through persistent cookies visitors who access the site (or any other users who use the same computer) are automatically recognized each time they visit. Persistent cookies fulfil many functions in the interest of browsers (such as the use of the browsing language or storing the shopping cart in online shopping. However, persistent cookies can also be used for promotional purposes. Visitors can set their computer's browser so that it accepts/rejects all cookies or views an alert whenever a cookie is prompted, in order to assess whether or not to accept it. In any case, users can always change the default configuration and disable cookies (i.e. block them definitively), by setting the highest security level.
b. How cookies work and how they are deleted
The most common and widespread web browsers allow cookies to be deleted manually or automatically when the browser is closed. The same browsers can be configured (admin panel) to block the creation of cookies; in this case, the proper functioning of the website or Internet service offered is no longer guaranteed
- technical cookies;
- user profiling cookies;
- third-party cookies.
The Authority for the protection of personal data defines the following types of cookie as technical cookies, which do not require consent for their use:
- "analytics cookies", used directly by the site manager to collect information, in aggregate form, on the number of users and how they visit the site;
- Browsing or session cookies (for example, for authentication);
- Function cookies, which allow users to browse based on a series of selected criteria (such as language, or a wishlist) in order to improve the service rendered to the same.
- Cookies profiling, is created from the site by third parties, are those aimed at creating profiles user and used in order to send advertising messages in line with the preferences shown by the same part of surfing the net. On this type of cookie the Guarantor requires explicit user acceptance.
Technical cookies Analytics, browsing and function cookies that don't require prior user consent.
Some features are implemented using third-party services, listed below. These services produce cookies that are related to services provided by third parties. The third party provides these services in exchange for information about the user's visit to our portal. It follows, also for third party providers of cookies, the obligation to respect the legislation. For this reason, we refer to the web page links of the websites of third parties, in which the user can find the forms of obtaining consent to cookies and their related information.
Interaction with external social networks and platforms
These services allow you to make interactions with social networks or other external platforms directly from the pages of this site. The interaction and information obtained from this website are in any case subject to the User's privacy settings related to any social network that, even if the users do not use the service, they collect traffic data about the pages in which it is installed.
The services contained in this section allow the site to monitor and analyze traffic data and are used to keep track of User behavior.
How to disable or remove cookies?
Most browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can set your browser to not be accepted, automatically or on request. We don’t recommend disabling this as normal navigation could be compromised, and some or all of the functionality of some sites may not be available. If you don’t want your computer to receive and store cookies, you can modify the security settings of your browser.
Cookies settings on most used web browsers:
- Decreto legislativo 30 giugno 2003, n. 196. Codice in materia di protezione dei dati personali
- GU Serie Generale n.126 del 3.6.2014. Individuazione delle modalita' semplificative per l'informativa e l'acquisizione del consenso per l'uso dei cookie
Wednesday, December 9, 2015